Camp Aragats, an archaeological camp for girls, kicked off its second season this year. Learning from last year’s pilot program, we expanded the camp to 15 children in order to broaden our impact, and diversified the group by opening it to girls from different towns and villages. Campers from Aparan, Gegharot and Yerevan discovered the science of heritage through hands-on sessions on excavation, architectural drawing, drone flight, ceramic restoration, zooarchaeology, bioarchaeology, paleoethnobotany, and more.
We had another fruitful season on Project ArAGATS this year, with the continued excavation of a semi-circular complex at the Early Bronze Age settlement of Gegharot, and new trenches elsewhere on the western slope that appear to have uncovered segments of a terrace walls and a rectilinear room. Meanwhile the lab team was busy studying human skeletal remains and conducting zooarchaeological and archaeobotanical research. See the Field Season 2018 page for further details.
From July 17-20, the Aragats Foundation organized an archaeological summer camp for young girls from the town of Aparan. The mission of Camp Aragats is to offer children the opportunity to experience archaeology, learn the ancient history of their region, discover the excitement of science and history, and participate in an educational activity during the summer. The pilot project, organized by Lori Khatchadourian and Armine Harutyunyan, was a great success. More photos can be found on the Aragats Foundation’s Facebook page.
Project ArAGATS always welcomes visitors on site, of all ages. On July 16, an Armenian girl’s camp organized by World Vision stopped by the archaeological site of Aparani Berd, where we’ve been conducting excavations this summer. The children had a crash course in archaeological methods, and learned about the ancient past in their own town.
Thunderstorms, hail, lightning strikes, and Soviet land amelioration strategies have not kept the KVAS from achieving some great results already this summer. We are four weeks into the 2016 season and several new sites and finds–from both north and south of our base in Aparan–have come to light.
A kurgan cluster recorded this year by the KVAS survey team on the banks of the Kasakh River.
In the upper valley we have recorded a number of intriguing Paleolithic sites, as well as a major kurgan cluster overlooking the Kasakh gorge itself, likely a Bronze Age cemetery. Looking southwards, an Early Bronze Age hilltop site in the vicinity of Vardenut Village connects this landscape to material acquired by the National Museum nearly 100 years ago without exact geographical attribution. Finally, we have also recorded, overlooking Aragats Village at the southern edge of the survey area, and a 4-hectare settlement much closer to Aparan, both of which likely date to the later Medieval era.
A fortress provisionally named “Tsaghka Berd” and recorded this year by KVAS high on the slopes of Mt. Aragats. One extant wall over 2 m high is shown in this photo.
Over the second half of the field season we plan to continue our work in the southern portion of the survey area, recording sites on the slopes of Mt. Aragats from Aparan south to the villages of Shenavan and Hartavan. We’ll post more here as the site inventory expands through early August.
Dr. Ian Lindsay (ArAGATS co-director) and a Purdue University colleague assist students with a geocaching game at Cumberland Elementary School’s annual Math Night (West Lafayette, IN).
In an age where assisted navigation systems are available in every new car and standard in our mobile devices, it’s not hard to imaging how the spatial reasoning skills that humans have honed over our long evolutionary history might begin to decline. Indeed the weakening of wayfinding skills is a phenomenon that is being documented in ethnographic cases across the globe, and is part of a broader debate in society about the degree to which modern technology is enhancing human cognition or stunting it (see for example Nicholas Carr’s The Glass Cage [Norton, 2014] vs Clive Thompson’s Smarter Than You Think [Penguin, 2013]). However, even as advanced satellite imagery and navigation technologies help archaeologists document ancient sites with increasing precision and accuracy, map reading and spatial reasoning remain fundamental skills in archaeological fieldwork and analysis. So who better than an archaeologist to instill the value of maps to young people?
With this in mind, I spent an evening at Cumberland Elementary School’s annual Math Night on September 25, using a simple geo-caching game to teach K-3rd graders about the importance and fun of map skills. First, I employed a mock pirate’s treasure map to teach the students about locating places using a set of spatial coordinates (i.e., latitude/longitude). Students were then presented with a map of their school overlaid with a grid and provided with three sets of coordinates that would guide them to secret prizes at each location, usually a classroom. It was an entertaining and rewarding way to enhance applied spatial reasoning and basic math skills relying on kids’ inherent desire to find stuff!
Of course, it didn’t hurt to have Project ArAGATS’ DJI Phantom 3 quadcopter (or, drone) on the table to spark their imagination!
This summer Project ArAGATS is continuing our preliminary survey of the upper Kasakh River valley, performing systematic pedestrian survey, aerial photography and photogrammetry, geophysical analysis, and test excavations between the villages of Alagyaz, near the Kasakh headwaters, and Kuchak, at the Aparan Reservoir.
Survey walkers in the upper Kasakh River valley. Mt. Aragats in the distance.
Survey walkers have been traversing the ridge tops and upland slopes of the Tsaghkunyats Range and Mt. Aragats, the broad Kasakh flood plains, and the river’s deeply cut gorge as it wends it way south, ultimately joining the Araxes River in the Ararat Valley. We record remains of human activity from the Paleolithic through the early 20th century, photographing and mapping architecture and cemeteries, collecting surface materials, and evaluating Soviet-era land management practices and their impact on the archaeological record.
Surveyors talking a break amid some ancient architecture in the upper Kasakh River Valley.
The upper Kasakh Valley survey will be an ongoing project, so look for updates over the next several years!
This past Monday, Project ArAGATS performed its first excursion of the
season to Armenia’s Tavush Province and the alpine monasteries of
Goshavank and Haghartsin. Both complexes, built in the 12th and 13th
centuries AD, have either undergone recent restoration or are in the
process of receiving important conservation efforts.
Aragatsiner on their day off at Haghartsin Monastery.
Project members enjoyed the
ancient architecture, the beautiful highland settings, and the fog that provided
some additional dramatic background.
A crack team from the village of Tsaghkahovit has started work this week in what is lyrically known as Burial Cluster 12, a remarkably complicated Late Bronze Age cemetery south of the main fortress.
Abbey Road, Tsaghkahovit Style?
The excavations, led by Maureen Marshall (UChicago) and Levon Aghikyan (Institute of Archaeology, Armenia) are exploring mortuary remains from a bioarchaeological perspective. We will post finds and discoveries here as they become available.
Project ArAGATS began its 2015 season last week, continuing excavations at Gegharot and Tsaghahovit and continuing a new program of survey in the Upper Kasakh river valley. We also initiated a new program of excavations at the site of Aparani Berd on the outskirts of the town of Aparan.
The site of Aparani Berd seen from the south.
These new excavations represent the first systematic efforts to explore the remains of one of the largest sites in the upper Kasakh river valley. Stay tuned for updates.