Research Questions

Our investigations have been principally guided by an overarching effort to describe the emergence, and re-formulation, of social and political institutions in the region. This concern with institutional formation initially arose from an abiding interest in the unique constellations of authority that forwarded the emergence of early complex polities in southern Caucasia at the beginning of the Late Bronze Age. However, these concerns soon broadened to envelope both the constitutive practices of Early Bronze Age village life and the remarkable political re-structurings attendant to the virtually unknown world of post-Urartian towns. Even as we continue to develop a sense of the specific institutions that shaped social, economic, and political life over three millennia in the Tsaghkahovit plain, it is clear that authority in the region was produced within a shifting landscape dominated by the distinctive built environments of the village, the fortress, and the town.

 Late Bronze Age jewelry mould from Gegharot Fortress